Types of combs

Types of combs
Types of combs

The luxurious shine and healthy strength of our curls depend on proper nutrition and quality systematic care. A significant role in this is also provided by the correctly chosen comb, which is also necessary for regular drying with a hairdryer, and for uniform coloring, and for curling curls, and for stylish evening styling, and for gently untangling wet or fluffy strands, and even for banal morning combing. Moreover, the type of comb for each separate type of care needs a special one. Learning to understand all their diversity and choose the right type, length and thickness of hair is not so difficult. And the best clue here is the comb itself, or rather, its appearance.

Types of combs 2
Types of combs 2

Types and application

All types of combs can be classified according to three parameters: material, shape and functionality. Although there are some peculiar examples – tiny eyebrow combs and mini eyelash brushes, graceful mustache and beard combs and mustache combs for hair extensions, soft massages for stroking the scalp and gentle brushes for babies. And the design of the comb is the tenth thing. The main thing is its excellent quality and compliance with the purpose.

Types of combs 3
Types of combs 3

Materials

Qualitative wooden combseasy to identify by a smooth handle without chipping or cracking and a pleasant scent. They will smell not of varnish, not of glue and not of the rubberized base for the comb, but of the wood from which they are made: sandalwood, cherry, ash, juniper, beech, pine, oak, bamboo, peach or birch. The teeth are usually also wood or natural bristles (for example, horse or boar), which is very effective in detangling medium-length hair and ideal for thin and brittle hair, but combing thick and thick hair is no longer possible for her, and for long curls, too does not fit. And yet, combs made of wood are loved by many for their aesthetics, reliability, environmental friendliness, and also for the fact that they do not electrify the strands at all. However, they are not used in hairdressing salons, since they cannot be processed as required by sanitary standards.

Types of combs 4
Types of combs 4

Metal combs

Metal combsdurable, practical and completely non-electrifying. Good for short haircuts, splitting hair into strands and detangling long curls. Thinning is convenient for trimming bangs, processing split ends and thinning thick strands. Metal combs are suitable for hairdressing salons, because are subject to careful processing and are very functional. But with the inept use of their sharp teeth, you can destroy the hair structure and injure the scalp, therefore they are contraindicated for combing thin, colored and damaged curls.

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Types of combs 5
Types of combs 6
Types of combs 6

Plastic combs

Plastic combsusually the most brittle and highly susceptible to a static effect, although they are easy to use and maintain, are subject to sanitization, are suitable for any length and thickness of hair and are quite affordable. Their design and color implementation is striking in variety. In addition, it is plastic that is most often made of popular among men folding combs in the shape of a knife or a butterfly and combined brushes with a mirror, beloved by girls, or compact folding massages, which are like a hedgehog “with needles inward”.

Types of combs 7
Types of combs 7

Silicone combs

Silicone combs are not subject to static, do not injure the scalp and hair structure – after combing them, the strands shine and flow gently. Silicone combs are not afraid of chemical reagents, therefore they are used in salons to help curl hair on curlers, as well as to distribute dyes, masks, and foams to strands. Silicone combs are probably the cheapest of all.

Types of combs 8
Types of combs 8

Carbon fiber combs

Carbon fiber combsusually protected by ceramic coating, do not require maintenance, retain excellent qualities and a neat appearance for a long time. In hairdressing salons, carbon and ceramic combs are used during dyeing or blow-drying (they are not afraid of chemicals and heating) and graduated or very short haircuts (glide through the hair easily and smoothly), as well as for separating and combing strands (no static effect).

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Types of combs 9

Horn and bone ridges

Horn and bone ridgesknown since the time of the pharaohs and are still quite justifiably considered the most beautiful, durable and functional. And decorated with filigree ornaments, and even complete with a mirror and costume jewelry, are not just a convenient and practical accessory, but also a desirable decoration for the most discerning ladies, and an exquisite collectible. By the way, the handle, the base for the brush, and the teeth are cut out of the bones and horns of animals.

In addition, combs are made of ebonite (to eliminate the static effect), carbon (to make hair shiny, soft and silky without the use of cosmetics), silicone (for combing curls), nylon (for weakened and thin strands) and natural bristles (for easy detangling of fine fluffy and brittle hair and saturating them with creatine). Among the new products are silicone teeth interspersed with microfiber in the form of soft tendrils (to absorb moisture from wet hair).

Types of combs 10
Types of combs 10

And for connoisseurs of beauty and unique they have long been invented painted ceramic, forged bronze and cast silver and gold combs and combs. Those made of precious metals are often in a single copy and are decorated with no less precious stones, gems or the owner’s monogram.

Types of combs 11
Types of combs 11

Form and purpose

Each hairdresser selects for work a whole arsenal of stylish and varied professional combs. They always have a clear purpose and are quite expensive, because they are made of first-class materials with comfortable non-slip handles and the smoothest surfaces. Although in everyday life more than half of them are not used.

In order to independently choose those that are exactly needed for daily use, styling, fleecing or curling, a detailed description of all the varieties of carding tools ever created is not required. It is enough to understand what shape of the comb is intended for what.

Crest

Crest – small flat comb with frequent or sparse teeth on one or two sides. Natural (wood, bones, horns and shells of animals) or artificial materials (metal alloys, plastic). With an oblong handle, or in the form of a long narrow tail, or without it at all. It can be a hard thinning or soft for coloring, as well as a folding part of a popular folding comb in the form of a knife or boomerang. In the form of a comb, it is slightly curved and often decorates a woman’s hairstyle.

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Types of combs 12

Comb-comb

The comb-comb is one of the most ancient and still relevant.Indispensable when cutting, trimming cuts, creating bouffants and evenly applying paints, oils, masks and styling products. Good for combing hair of medium length and short, sparse teeth perfectly combes and smoothes thick and long, but for tight curls it is inconvenient. Frequent comb – hair is soft and thin, sparse – thick and coarse. With a knitting needle at the end or with a narrow handle in the shape of a trident or fork – for working with fasteners of hair extensions, dividing into strands and creating parting.

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Types of combs 13
Types of combs 14
Types of combs 14

Massage (bombing)

Massage (bombing) –comb with a long handle and a wide base for a “pad” with a textile or rubberized coating, densely or loosely studded with teeth of wood, metal, plastic or silicone. Standard prong length is -1 or 2 centimeters. The base for them is rectangular with rounded edges or oval, as well as large, small, folding and combined. Differs in the degree of elasticity – soft, medium, hard.

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Types of combs 15

The good old anti-stress massage is in almost every home. Its name eloquently hints at its true purpose – to always give pleasure from the pleasant process of stimulating blood circulation during the gentle, massaging of the skin, untangling, delightful combing, diligently smoothing and brilliantly polishing strands of any length, density and structure. One drawback – along with bliss and goosebumps, evenly distributes sebum over itself and hair, which means they will have to be washed more often, and the massage should also be disinfected.

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Types of combs 16

Comb-brush

Comb-brush differs from the usual massage by the presence of naturally natural (horse, pork or wild boar) or synthetic bristles, which densely and softly replaces rare and hard teeth.

The brush, as its name suggests, is good at combing and smoothing strands. Requires the same careful care as a massage. Suitable for thin straight and easily tangled strands, but completely unsuitable for dense, hard and curly – the bristles of even the wildest boar in the world will not comb them.

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Types of combs 17

Skeletal comb

The foundation skeletal combwith a long semicircular handle is made in the form of a flat or round-shaped convex base with different-sized or identical holes in it and with dense bristles or sparse thorns of different lengths attached on one or both sides, between which hot air from a hair dryer circulates freely. Earned its nickname “fish bone” because of the resemblance to the gnawed bone of a fish. It is also called blow-through thermal brushing.

Good for drying and creating volume at the roots, as well as for gently detangling curls. Not suitable for sophisticated styling requiring careful work and polishing with iron or pulling with tongs. But for the quick and slightly careless – just a godsend. As for combing short haircuts or lush curls of medium length.

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Types of combs 18

Semicircular comb

A semicircular comb, or nine-row – so named because of the semicircularity of its base, on which long thick teeth are fixed in 7 or 9 rows, located at a considerable distance from each other.

With a semicircular comb, the bangs are easily pulled out or twisted, and short and medium haircuts (bob and bob) are easily stacked. It fits comfortably in the hand, but the strands are highly electrified from the plastic teeth. And if the teeth are also metal and without balls at the ends, then they noticeably scratch the skin.

Types of combs 19
Types of combs 19

Tunnel Comb

Tunnel Comb (Narrow Brushing) looks like a long round plastic stick, one half of which is a handle and the other half is like a hedgehog due to the attached prongs or tufts of bristles. The clever design of the teeth with protective balls at the ends and the hollow base with many holes for better air circulation allow the tunnel combs not to overheat and not injure the skin and hair.

Types of combs 20
Types of combs 20

The tunnel comb is ideal for curling curls and creating impressive volume at the beginning of hair growth, although it is not always convenient for daily use (long strands cling and get tangled). With a small diameter, it is indispensable for winding thin tight curls on medium-length hair and modeling bangs. If, under a gentle stream of a hair dryer, wind the bangs on such a comb and pull it out a little, while slightly lifting it up, it will be fluffy, and if you pull it forward and slightly down, it will be straight.

Cylindrical comb

Cylinder comb (brushing)similar to a tunnel, only much larger in diameter. The superbly heated ceramic and base metal with fine steel, synthetic or combination teeth are good for curling the entire length. And natural brushing bristles wonderfully create root volume and twist the ends of the strands inward or outward.

The diameter of a cylindrical comb is matched to the length of the hair – the shorter they are, the narrower the brushing and the tighter the curls. The density of the bristles is related to the structure of the hair: the thicker they are, the less often and longer teeth are needed, and vice versa. Luxurious big waves and noticeable volume will help create a large diameter brushing. It is enough to carefully wind the strands, dry with a hairdryer, carefully release them from the comb and wave your head a couple of times – and the lush lion’s mane is ready.

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Types of combs 21

But such brushes, which are excellent in all respects, have one significant drawback – they are not easy to keep clean (especially metal ones): the remnants of skin and fat, as well as fallen hair and settled dust are cleaned from their thin bristles with great difficulty even under a high pressure of water.

Combination comb

Combination combuniversal, necessary for everyone who has hair. The best incarnations are in carbon fiber or silicone.

Its two-sided blown-out base with alternating frequent and rare hard spikes with safety balls at the ends is excellent for everyday brushing, and for hot or cold styling.

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Types of combs 22

How to choose

  • Thick hair is better combed with different-sized teeth of combined combs.
  • For fine fluffy and curly hair, there is nothing better than a massage with soft natural bristles and wire and plastic teeth are extremely contraindicated.
  • For oily hair, it is best to comb it with a wooden comb.
  • And for tight curls, brittle or wet strands, combs with widely spaced teeth or soft massage are suitable.

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